1. Before starting your scooter or bike first time every day check whether tyre pressure, brakes, indicator lights, headlights, horns, rearview mirrors are all okay.
2. Though wearing helmets is compulsory by law, some people do not use helmets for travelling short distances like going to a nearby market or shops. This is very unsafe because accidents can happen at any place especially in narrow roads or turnings inside a residential area too.
3. Beware of bikers overtaking you suddenly from your left side. Always keep an eye on both left and right rearview mirrors.
4. In a road with lots of traffic movement do not try to overtake big vehicles like bus or lorries, especially when these vehicles are moving at a reasonably high speed.
5. When a bus is stopping at a bus stop ahead of you, never overtake it from the left side as passengers would be alighting out the bus and there is every chance you might hit any of them. While overtaking a stationary bus, lorry, van or car be sure that you have enough driving space even if a vehicle comes from the opposite side.
6. Take care not to stop your bike suddenly especially when the red lights come on traffic signals but always raise your hand, signalling to the vehicle coming behind that you are going to stop.
7. Switching on indicator light is very important as turning abruptly to your right or left without indicating may cause serious accidents. If indicators are not working, use your hand signals before turning.
8. As we have all experienced some road conditions are very bad with dangerous potholes which could be life-threatening. Keep a close watch on such bad roads and avoid going right into potholes and risking injuries thereby.
9. During rainy seasons when roads become very slippery or waterlogged, take extreme precautions as your vehicle might skid especially while turning. Drive very slowly in waterlogged roads as there could be potholes or road cuts anywhere which can make you lose your balance and fall down.
10. Never jump signals and follow traffic rules strictly. When stopping at signals, give space on your left for vehicles which might turn left.
11. Within city limits, it is safest not to cross speed limits of 45 km per hour. Always drive on the left side allowing other vehicles to overtake you without difficulty. Never do zig-zag driving or try racing with other bikes. Concentrate on your driving only and never let your mind travel elsewhere, like thinking about the office or domestic matters.
12. While overtaking other vehicles, it is always safe to flash or keep headlights on during daytime. Always use horn while overtaking.
13. Driving at nights on poorly lit roads is very risky. Drive very slowly with headlights on, keeping to your left and watch out for potholes or unpainted speed breakers or even cows or other animals on these roads.
14. While driving on noisy crowded roads with lots of pedestrians, cyclists it is advisable to use the horn frequently as people might not know that your two-wheeler is coming close behind them.
15. Always use ISI quality branded helmets having high safety standards and not local helmets.
16. Your two-wheeler tyres and tubes must always be in good condition. Have them checked and replace old worn-out tyres, tubes which are totally unsafe and highly risky.
17. Ensure that your two-wheeler battery is properly charged. Old discharged batteries need to be replaced. Spark plugs need to be checked or changed periodically.
18. Avoid long-distance driving out of the city for over 30 km. If your two-wheeler gets punctured or repaired you might be stranded on the way as mechanics would not be available for emergencies on such roads.
19. Never allow children aged below eight years or very old people to ride on the pillion as they might fall or simply sleep off which is very dangerous.
20. Always keep a safe distance behind the vehicle ahead of you to avoid hitting them in case they apply sudden brakes and risking serious injuries to yourself.